Lake In the Hills French Drain Installation Experts
A French drain is a small, simple ditch or trench that is filled with rock, gravel, rubble or a perforated or slotted pipe. It uses gravity to divert ground or surface water from a high area to a lower one. Simply constructed, they can be significantly less expensive than other drainage solutions. A professional landscape drainage expert can evaluate your excess water problems to determine whether a French drain is the best method to take care of your drainage issues.
Uses for a French Drain
French drains serve a variety of specific localized purposes and are useful for draining or relieving water pressure in a diversity of circumstances on your property. For example, a French drain could be installed for:
- Preventing ground or surface water from seeping into building foundations.
- An alternative to open ditches or storm sewers around paved areas.
- Redistribution of water and sewage around the drain field of a septic tank.
- Relief of groundwater pressure behind retaining walls to keep them in place.
A French drain is an efficient way to divert water around almost any area on any property for any reason. They can easily be customized to fit the unique requirements of the slope, the soil, the size of the area, and volume of water that you need to divert. The length and width of the ditch can vary, as well as the size of gravel and the style of perforated pipe.
Construction of French Drains
The installation of a French drain can be rudimentary and still be effective as long as it is pitched higher on one end and lower on the other and drains into an area where it will percolate or run off harmlessly.
Determining a location for the excess water to be re-routed to takes some consideration. You must decide where excessive moisture is not a threat to anything and where it will not adversely impact someone else’s property. Using a trencher or a shovel, a small ditch is dug from the upper area to the lower drainage area.
Placing the perforated pipe into the trench is considered the best method for construction. French drains can include multiple pipes in areas with more significant amounts of water flow, and in case one pipe overflows, becomes clogged, or gets ruptured. Parallel pipes can balance the load of water, especially if one is closer to the runoff area or downspout, for example.
A proper slope is required to convey the excess water away. A grade of one percent is most commonly used, which drops the trench line one foot for every hundred feet of length. Up to a six percent grade is recommended for some areas.
Filters in the pipes and envelopes of gravel around the pipes to ease flow and provide bedding for the pipes can also be included.
For the most effective French drain, call our professional French drain expert installers. Our team will come out to examine every detail and determine all the proper variables to get the best drainage on your property, then install it correctly.
How Daybreaker Landscapes Will Expertly Build Your French Drain
Building a French drain yourself can be complicated when you consider the number of variables involved in the construction and the amount of risk associated with improper drainage. To confidently protect your home, landscape, family, and pets, you can call professional landscape drainage experts who will ensure that the water flows away. We have several ways how we can ensure the best water flow by building your French drain:
- Our Lake in the Hills drainage professionals will evaluate the expected volume and level of rainwater runoff and determine what those levels threaten structures or landscape areas. We will locate the best area to accept the excess runoff.
- Depending on the volume of expected water, our experts will decide the best route for the trench, and plot out the trench line to avoid obstacles, as well as the proper depth and width for your drainage needs. A small French drain only needs to be five to six inches wide, if your moisture level isn’t that much. We have the proper equipment to dig a more substantial ditch to accommodate more significant flows of water.
- To facilitate the best flow of excess water into the direction you want, our drainage experts will adequately calculate the right mini-slope for the trench to carry the water away. Without proper grading, the water will remain to stand still, or overflow into other unwanted areas. We can ensure that the flow goes into the intended drainage location. If necessary, we can install a pump to facilitate drainage in the regions that gravity alone cannot take away the excess water.
- Our team understands local codes and permits, and we work with local utilities to avoid disrupting underground cables and other public infrastructure before excavating with the proper equipment.
- Depending on your local soil conditions, we will determine whether to use porous materials like fabrics or sand and gravel to filter the trench pipe. We will also determine the proper gravel bedding for structure around the pipe or pipes, as well as other products that would improve flow conditions through the trench. We will create the best conditions in the trench to avoid clogging and sediment buildup for a future without maintenance.
- Based on your aesthetic, safety, or landscape needs, we can top off your French drain with paving tiles or rocks. We utilize the latest innovations to ensure the best custom job for you.
Depending on the severity of your excess water problems, a professional will best construct your French drain. Lake in the Hills landscape drainage experts can handle the most complicated excess water issues that a French drain can carry away. We can expertly customize a French drain to fit the drainage needs of your property and protect the yard and home that you love.
Problems Associated With Poor Drainage
Poor drainage can cause thousands of dollars worth of damage and cause problems for your yard, your house, your plants, even your and your family’s health for years to come. The following are some essential reasons why you want to address any issues to do with an excess of water around your yard and home:
- Foundation Problems – Water that is saturating the foundation material of your house can cause it to crack and move, possibly making your house not level. This can lead to uneven floors, cracks in the walls throughout your home, and doors and windows that jam or don’t latch. Saturated soil under your house can also cause the house to move or sink, leading to more damage and devaluation of your home. Foundation repair could cost tens of thousands of dollars.
- Severe Potential Flooding – If you already have standing water and poor drainage around your house, then your home is in potential danger for more severe flooding in a severe weather event, which is increasingly common. Water could enter the structure and cause damage throughout.
- Mold and Mildew – Mold or mildew in your wet basement, crawl space, or space under your house can grow and enter into your home. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, exposure to damp and moldy environments can cause a variety of health problems. People with allergies, lung illnesses, and compromised immune systems are especially at risk.
- Mosquitos and Insects – Now that mosquito and insect-borne viruses are increasingly moving into areas previously unknown to them, the risk is higher for catching one of these viruses. Standing water provides this habitat for mosquitos and other insects to come into contact with you, your family, and guests to your property.
- Rotting Wooden Posts – If the soil around your yard is saturated, then anything buried, there will also be saturated. Any wooden fence post or light post will rot quickly and need constant replacement, which could add up.
- Soil Problems – Depending on the type of soil on your property, excess water can cause soil to accumulate and compact or wash downhill and erode. Losing valuable soil downslope to your neighbors is costly to replace. Erosion could move and affect everything – including any structures and hard-scapes like patios – on your property. Soil compaction can also cause foundational damage.
- Harm to Plants – In garden areas, the soil could collapse if you till it or work it while it is too wet. Poor drainage could cause your yard or garden to remain too wet for long periods and lead to root-rot and other diseases that could damage or kill your landscaping.
These and other issues can pose severe problems to your lawn and foundation, so it is vital to address them as soon as possible. Be sure to contact a drainage professional who knows the area and who has the experience to design and install a drainage system that will work for your specific property.
You won’t have to worry about drainage issues if you call a professional landscape drainage expert at Daybreaker Landscapes to evaluate your area before damage happens. Our professional experts will help you install a French drainage system to handle your excess water. Contact us at (815) 596-0070 to get a free evaluation and quote.